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About Airline Cargos

Cargo (or freight) is goods or manufacture transported, generally for business gain, by ship, aircraft, train, van or truck. In modern times, containers are used in most intermodal long-haul cargo transport.

They are 4 Types of Cargos:

  • Marine
  • Air
  • Train
  • Road

Here we would see about Airline cargos.

Air cargo, commonly referred to as air freight, is collected by firms from shippers and delivered to customers. Aircraft were first used for carrying mail as cargo in 1911. Eventually manufacturers started designing aircraft for other types of freight as well.

There are several commercial aircraft suitable for carrying cargo such as the Boeing 747 and the bigger An-124, which was purposely built for easy conversion into a cargo aircraft. Such large aircraft employ quick-loading containers called as Unit Load Devices (ULDs), much like containerized cargo ships. The ULDs are located in front section of the aircraft.

Most nations own and utilize large numbers of cargo aircraft such as the C-17 Globe master III for airlift logistic desires.


Air transport may be a vital component of many international logistics networks, essential to managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and different resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult or nearly not possible to accomplish any international trading, global export/import processes, international repositioning of raw materials/products and manufacturing without a professional logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is that the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible.

Aircraft used:

Larger cargo airlines tend to use new or recently designed aircraft to carry their freight, but many use older aircraft, like the Boeing 707, Boeing 727, Douglas DC-8, DC-10, MD-11, Boeing 747, and the Ilyushin Il-76. Examples of the 60-year-old Douglas DC-3 are still flying around the world carrying cargo (as well as passengers). Short range turboprop airliners such as the An-12, An-26, Fokker Friendship, and British Aerospace ATP are currently being modified to accept standard air freight pallets to extend their working lives.

This normally involves the replacement of glazed windows with opaque panels, the strengthening of the cabin floor and insertion of a broad top-hinged door in one side of the fuselage.

Antonov An-225 and Antonov An-124 are the worlds' largest aircraft, used for transporting large shipments and oversized cargos.

Usage of large military airplanes for business purposes, pioneered by Ukraine's Antonov Airlines in the 1990s, has allowed new types of cargo in aerial transportation.

A number of cargo airlines carry a few passengers from time to time on their flights and UPS once unsuccessfully tried a passenger charter airline division.